The Olive Tree – Edition 4

Company contributor Travel Impact Newswire

The Olive Tree is the first and only publication designed to help travel & tourism become a more enthusiastic part of the solution in achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

Ecotourism In Nam Et – Phou Louey National Protected Area, Lao PDR

Proudly contributed by Janina Bikova

This brief outlines the ecotourism model implemented at the Nam Et-Phou Louey National Protected Area (NEPL NPA) in Houaphan Province, Lao PDR (Laos). The ecotourism products at NEPL NPA have been designed to create a direct link between conservation and tourism so that the money that tourists pay has a positive impact on encouraging local people to protect endangered wildlife. is is achieved through both direct employment of local people in service provider groups, and through incentives that provides benefits to a larger number of villages linked to wildlife conservation.

The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) has been supporting the NEPL Management Unit since 2003, and has assisted with the development of ecotourism products commencing in 2009. During this time significant experience has been gained on how to implement ecotourism in the Laos NPA context, and how to ensure effective operations and meaningful community engagement. Currently 26 villages (more than 2000 households) are participating in ecotourism with 4 villages being directly engaged to provide services for tours.

Lessons from ADB Transport Projects: Moving Goods, Connecting People, and Disseminating Knowledge

The Asian Development Bank (ADB), the largest multilateral development finance institution in Asia and the Pacific, has been providing project financing to its developing member countries (DMCs) for half a century. In the process, it has accumulated a wealth of knowledge from its operations, including innovations, good practices, lessons, and ways to tackle challenges during project design and implementation. The capture, sharing, and eventually reuse of the knowledge, play an increasingly important role in achieving greater development effectiveness.
Efficient transport system is a key factor in promoting inclusive economic development, reducing poverty, and improving the quality of life. It will improve trade and connect farms to markets. People will gain access to jobs, schools, and healthcare.. For ADB, the transport sector has been one of the most important sectors since its establishment in 1966. As of 31 December 2016, ADB’s ordinary capital resources loans in the transport sector amounted to $36 billion, accounting for 35% of ADB’s total OCR loans. In Strategy 2020, ADB’s Long-Term Strategic Framework, 2008–2020, expanding transport and communication connectivity in the region and other infrastructure investments were recognized as one of the five core areas of ADB’s operational focus.
This book, Lessons from ADB Transport Projects: Moving Goods, Connecting People, and Disseminating Knowledge, endeavors to harvest practical knowledge from ADB’s operations in the transport sector. ADB’s Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department gathered the knowledge for this book in collaboration
with the Transport Sector Group and regional departments, including resident missions. This work was produced under the regional technical assistance (Provision of Knowledge Products and Services to Developing Member Countries through Systematic Knowledge Sharing [TA 8392-REG]), which aims to support—in a systematic manner—the capture and sharing of the knowledge embedded in ADB’s development projects, among other things.
Comprising a sector overview and 20 case stories that covers different subregions and sub sectors, this book captures and shares ADB-wide operations knowledge in the transport sector to promote cross-project learning. We hope the readers, particularly government officials, executing and implementing agencies in the DMCs, and ADB project officers, will find this book informative and useful, and allow it to influence and improve the design and implementation of future transport projects for enhanced development effectiveness.

Strategy for Promoting Safe and Environment-Friendly Agro-Based Value Chains in the Greater Mekong Subregion and Siem Reap Action Plan, 2018–2022

The Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) has a great opportunity to be a major supplier of safe and environment-friendly agriculture products (SEAP). The GMS economies are growing rapidly, and their population of over 330 million is becoming larger, richer, and more urbanized. Increasingly, GMS consumers look for food characteristics such as safety, healthiness, and environment-friendliness. GMS farmers generate huge surplus of agrifood products, and agribusiness companies are more sophisticated and better able to develop regional and global reach. Agricultural and food trade is growing rapidly. Trade integration is accelerating thanks to policy initiatives and development of transportation corridors and logistics systems. The improved infrastructure and the opportunity to move further along the value-added path are great incentives for the increasing ow of foreign direct investment (FDI).

Overview of Draft GMS Transport Sector Strategy

The new TSS necessary to provide a framework for cooperation and sustaining progress beyond 2015.
• There have been changes in the operating environment; new TSS is needed to ensure that strategy remains relevant.
• Transport sector accounts for largest share of project cost in RIF-IP; new TSS is needed to serve as strong anchor for cooperation.
• New TSS is necessary to help ensure that cooperation in the transport sector contributes to overall GMS development.

GMS Tourism Sector Strategy 2016-2025

Company contributor Mekong Tourism Office

Company contributor Asian Development Bank

In 2004-2005, at the request of the GMS TWG and with the support of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), a GMS Tourism Sector Strategy (GMS TSS) was formulated. The updated GMS TSS 2016-2025 strategy envisioned the GMS as a single destination, with strong focus on culture, nature and adventure. The intention of the strategy is to inspire not only the governments of the subregion, but also all its stakeholders, particularly in the tourism industry, to promote a sustainable development of tourism, respectful of its people, and cultures, enhance and protect its unique natural and cultural heritage, and fostering poverty alleviation schemes.

Voyage of discovery. Working towards inclusive and accessible travel for all

This study was commissioned to better understand the needs of travellers with accessibility needs, and to identify a framework for action for the travel industry.
It is clear that delivering a more accessible travel experience, which responds to the needs of all travellers, is both a social imperative as well as an opportunity for the travel industry.
Delivering on travellers’ accessibility needs is an increasing demand. World demographic indicators show a growing, ageing population that will represent over 21.5 per cent of people by 2050. This is why, for the purposes of this study, accessibility refers to the needs of people with disabilities and seniors.

This study provides a comprehensive framework for how the travel industry can think more strategically about accessibility. In 2015, the Ambrose study identified three main pillars of accessible tourism where action needed to be focused: information (relating to both access to information, and information on accessibility), customer service (relating to those working in the travel and tourism sector to better serve the travellers’ needs) and facilities (relating to the physical environment). Ambrose provided a valuable reference for thinking about accessible tourism.

TRANSBOUNDARY DIALOGUE under Mekong Integrated Water Resources Management Project

The Mekong River flows 4,900 km across six countries in Southeast Asia from China to Vietnam before emptying into the sea. It is one of the largest and most bio-diverse rivers in the world, providing rich ecosystems and abundant natural resources to the riverine countries and their people. It is important to manage the resources beyond national boundaries as water, fish and sediment, all flow from one country to another. However, governing the river across borders has been a challenge for the Mekong countries due to differing national interests and priorities. Transboundary dialogue can help reduce tension and increase cooperation among countries. The Mekong River Commission (MRC) supports its four member countries in the Lower Mekong Basin – Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam – to enhance transboundary cooperation through the Mekong Integrated Water Resources Management Project (M-IWRMP). The project promotes IWRM practices of coordinated planning and management with the application of MRC’s procedural rules, known as Procedures, and technical tools on water use planning, data sharing and flow monitoring.
The project originally began in 2009 with three inter-linked regional, transboundary and national components to increase IWRM-based water cooperation among the four countries at both basin-wide and local levels. The regional component, funded by the Australian government, was completed in 2015 after it advanced the application of the MRC Procedures and their technical guidelines and developed a package of modeling tools for basin-scale water utilisation. While the transboundary component focuses on bilateral water cooperation, the national component supports each member country to improve governance mechanisms and build technical capacity to carry out coordinated planning and utilisation of water within the national boundaries. The World Bank finances both the transboundary and national components.

Mekong Trends GMS Aviation Snapshot

The Mekong Trends Aviation Snapshot released during the last Mekong Tourism Forum in June 2017 in Luang Prabang, Laos, is a first attempt by the MTCO in cooperation with national tourism organisations to highlight the tremendous changes which occurred in air transport over the last years and to look at emerging opportunities within the GMS.